DOI: https://doi.org/10.37555/.15.2019.184889

The history of the Pyrasantha M. Roem genus study

Tetyana Kopylova

Abstract


Aim. The aim of the article is to analyze literary sources on the history of the study of Pyracantha M. Roem genus. Methods. Works on phylogeny, taxonomy, and introduction of the Pyracantha genus representatives and their closest relatives have been studied. Results. While studying the situation with Pyraсantha genus, we analyzed various systems of plants classification and can partly trace the change of views on phylogenetic connections of the genus. It should be noted the relative stability of the location of the genus Pyraсantha within the main taxa of higher ranks. After analyzing available publications and electronic databases on the issue of taxonomy of the genus Pyraсantha, we counted 11 species of 6 interspecific taxa and about 350 cultivars. Conclusions. The results of phylogenetic and molecular genetic studies by scientists from different countries made it possible to clarify systematic representatives of the genus Pyracantha of the Rosaceae Juss. family. Nowadays they are located in a large subfamily Amygdaloideae Arn., which unites the former subfamilies Amygdaloideae, Spiraeoideae and Maloideae (Pomoideae), tribes — Crataegeae.

Keywords


genus Pyracantha M.Roem.; system of classification of plants; phylogenetic and molecular genetic studies

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