DOI: https://doi.org/10.37555/.15.2019.185023

The Use of Robinia L. Genus Representatives in Greenery Optimization of the National Dendrological Park “Sofiyivka” of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Lyudmyla Vehera

Abstract


Aim. The task of development of the dendrological flora gene pool of the National Dendrological Park “Sofiyivka” of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, as the basis for greenery in the Right-bank forest-steppe and other regions of Ukraine is quite urgent nowadays. It is stipulated by the necessity of finding and selecting sustainable species and forms for greenery introduction and optimization of the dendrological park. So, it caused the aim of our research conducting. Methods. Based on the literature analysis and the author’s own expeditionary and field studies, the results of Robinia genus representatives’ implementation in Ukraine and the dendrological park “Sofiyivka” have been presented. The main ecological factor of cultivation of the limited species composition of Robinia genus representatives in the climatic conditions of Ukraine has been revealed. The vitality and promise of Robinia species introduction in the conditions of the Right-bank forest-steppe of Ukraine have been defined by the method of integral quantitative evaluation of viability and perspectivity of wood species introduction based on visual observations of P. Lapin and S. Sidneva (Lapin, Sidneva, 1973). Results. The following six of twenty species of Robinia genus have been cultivated under the natural and climatic conditions of Ukraine: R. pseudoacacia L., R. viscosa Vent., R. holdtii Beiss., R. ambigua Poir., R. luxurians (Dieck) C. K. Schneid. and R. hispida L.. In the National Dendrological Park “Sofiyivka”, Robinia genus has been represented by the following species: R. pseudoacacia, R. luxurians, R. viscosa and five garden forms R. pseudoacacia: R. p. ‘Decaisneana’, R. p. ‘Pyramidalis’, R. p. ‘‘Tortuosa’, R. p. ‘Umbraculifera’ and R. p. ‘Unifoliola’. The main limiting environmental factor in the distribution of Robinia genus representatives in Ukraine is the air temperature in winter. R. pseudoacacia, R. viscosa and R. luxurians belong to quite perspective and promising wood species for use in the Right-bank forest-steppe of Ukraine by the sum of the indicators of viability and the prospects. Conclusions. Species that have proved to be stable in the dendrological park “Sofiyivka” can be successfully introduced into landscaping and used to optimize greenery in the Right-bank forest-steppe of Ukraine.


Keywords


Robinia genus; limiting factor; vitality and prosperity; Right-bank forest-steppe of Ukraine; greenery optimization.

References


Bogdanov, P.L. (1974). Dendrologiia. Moskva. Lesnaia promyshlennost'. 240 s. (in Russian).

Dirr, M. (1998). Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. Their identification, ornamental characteristics, culture, propagation and uses. Champaign. Illinois. 1187 s.

Dendroflora Ukrainy. Dykorosli y kul'tyvovani dereva i kushchi. Pokrytonasinni: dovidnyk. (2005). [Red. M.A. Kokhna]. Kyiv. Fitosotsiotsentr. Ch. II. 715 s. (in Ukrainian).

Gurskiy, A.V. (1957). Osnovnye itogi introduktsii drevesnykh rasteniy v SSSR. Moskva. Izd-vo AN SSSR. 302 s. (in Russian).

Hensiruk, S.A. (1995). Istoriia lisivnytstva v Ukraini. L'viv. Svit. 424 s. (in Ukrainian).

Kataloh roslyn dendrolohichnoho parku «Sofiivka»: dovidnykovyy posibnyk. (2000). [Red. I. S. Kosenka]. Uman'. Umans'kyy dendrolohichnyy park «Sofiivka» NAN Ukrainy. 160 s. (in Ukrainian).

Katalog derev'ev i kustarnikov botanicheskikh sadov Ukrainskoy SSR. (1987). [Red. N. A. Kokhna]. Kyiv. Naukova dumka. 72 s. (in Russian).

Kokhno, N.A., Kurdiuk, A.M. (1994). Teoreticheskie osnovy i opyt introduktsii drevesnykh rasteniy v Ukraine. Kyiv. Naukova dumka. 188 s. (in Russian).

Kolesnikov, A.I. (1974). Dekorativnaia dendrologiia. Moskva. Lesnaia promyshlennost'. S. 289–369. (in Russian).

Kataloh roslyn dendrolohichnoho parku «Askaniia-Nova». (2003). Askaniia – Nova. 116 s. (in Ukrainian).

Kharitonovich, F.N. (1968). Biologiia i ekologiia drevesnykh porod. Moskva. Lesnaia promyshlennost'. 304 c. (in Russian).

Kokhno, M.A., Kuznietsov, S.I. (2005). Metodychni rekomendatsii shchodo doboru derev ta kushchiv dlia introduktsii v Ukraini. Kyiv. 48 s. (in Ukrainian).

Lypa, O.A. (1977). Dendrolohiia z osnovamy aklimatyzatsii. Kyiv. Vyshcha shkola. 205 s. (in Ukrainian).

Lapin, P.I., Sidneva, S.V. (1973). Otsenka perspektivnosti introduktsii drevesnykh rasteniy po dannym vizual'nykh nabliudeniy. Opyt introduktsii drevesnykh rasteniy. Moskva. S. 7–68. (in Russian).

Misnik, G.E. (1976.). Sroki i kharakter tsveteniia derev'ev i kustarnikov. Kyiv. Naukova dumka. 388 s. (in Russian).

Nemertsalov, V.V. (2007). Konspekt dendroflori Odesi. Odesa. Al'ians Iug. 95 s. (in Russian).

Ozelenenie naselennykh mest. (1952). [Red. A.I. Barbaricha]. Kyiv. Izd-vo Akad. arkhitektury USSR. S. 98–104. (in Russian).

Rehder, M. (1949). Manual of cultivated trees and shrubs hardy in North America. New York. Macmillan. P. 508–511.

Rezul'taty inventaryzatsii derevnoi flory dendroparku «Oleksandriia» NANU: landshaftni dilianky (2007). No 1. (in Ukrainian).

Shchepot'ev, F.L. (1962). Bystrorastushchie drevesnye porody. Moskva. Izd-vo s.-kh. literatury. 373 s. (in Russian).

Shchepot'ev, F.L. (1990). Dendrologiia: ucheb. posob. Kyiv. Vishcha shkola. 287 s. (in Russian).

Svyrydenko, V.Ie., Shvydenko, A.Y. (1995). Lisivnytstvo: pidruchnyk. Kyiv. Sil'hosposvita. 364 s. (in Ukrainian).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.