‘Dar Sofiyivky’ as a new Ukrainian cultivar of persimmon (Diospyros L.)

Vasyl' Derev'ianko, Ivan Kosenko, Anatoly Opalko, Nataliia Derev'ianko


Aim. Creation of new domestic persimmon cultivars (Diospyros spp.) adapted to the soil and climatic conditions of Ukraine will contribute to the introduction of new fruit plants into the industrial horticulture that combines high productivity and fruit quality, enriches the assortment of food products and improves the components of rational alimentation. Methods. Field studies of the persimmon species, cultivar and form collection, hybridization and station testing of hybrid seedlings have been conducted in the orchards of State Enterprise Experimental Facility “Novokakhovska” of Institute of Rice of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine (Kherson region). In vitro seed germination of and two-year hybrid persimmon seedlings growth has been carried out in the Department of Genetics, Breeding and Reproductive Biology of Plants of the National Dendrological Park "Sofiyivka" of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. The rest of the experiments and data statistical analysis have been done using generally accepted methods in breeding. Results. Advantages of D virginiana L. in hybridization with D. kaki Thunb. to increase the persimmon adaptability to unfavorable wintering factors have been confirmed in the extreme temperature conditions of the winters of 2005–2006 and 2011–2012. In the hybrid progeny from free pollination of the ‘Kolhospnytsia’ cultivar with the American persimmon D. virginiana in the genealogy, a new cultivar ‘Dar Sofiyivky’ has been selected. It combines increased winter hardiness with good fruit quality, early fruit production and early ripeness. In 2019, the cultivar ‘Dar Sofiyivky’ has been included in the State Register of Plant Varieties suitable for distribution in Ukraine. In vitro technologies have been used in the tissue culture laboratory of the “Sofiyivka” Dendrological Park for germination of interspecific hybrids seeds, which have insufficient germination in the field. A initial hybrid seedling has been obtained, from which the ‘Dar Sofiyivky’ genealogy is derived. Conclusions. Horticultural plant breeding, in particular persimmons (Diospyros spp.), in areas with ecologically different contrasting conditions within the framework of a single program to increase the adaptability of plants and the quality of fruits is promoted to accelerate breeding and expand the northern border cultivation of thermophilic fruit crops.


adaptation; plant hypobiosis; global warming; winter hardiness; interspecific hybridization; persimmon cultivars.


Andriuschenko, A. V., Pil'kevych, A. V., Hlazachova, L. M., Pil'kevych, L. I., Nikitenko, O. M. & Netiaha, O. V. (upor.). (2013). 6. Ekspertyza sortiv subtropichnykh vydiv (hranatnyk, inzhyr, khurma, maslyna, fejkhoa, zyzyfus, kivi). Metodyka derzhavnoi naukovo-tekhnichnoi (kvalifikatsijnoi) ekspertyzy sil's'kohospodars'kykh vydiv roslyn na prydatnist' do poshyrennia v Ukraini (plodovi, iahidni, horikhoplidni, subtropichni, vynohrad ta shovkovytsia). Vypusk p'iatyj (vydannia druhe, vypravlene i dopovnene). Kyiv: Ukrains'kyj instytut ekspertyzy sortiv roslyn. S. 26–34. (in Ukrainian).

Atramentova, L. O., & Utievska, O. M. (2007). Biometriia: pidruchnyk. Kharkiv: Ranok. 176 s. (in Ukrainian).

Chen, J., Du, J., Ge, Z. Z., Zhu, W., Nie, R., & Li, C. M. (2016). Comparison of sensory and compositions of five selected persimmon cultivars (Diospyros kaki L.) and correlations between chemical components and processing characteristics. Journal of food science and technology. Vol. 53. No 3. P. 1597–1607. DOI: 10.1007/s13197-015-2102-y.

Cho, K. M., Lee, J. B., Kahng, G. G., & Seo, W. T. (2006). A study on the making of sweet persimmon (Diospyros kaki, T) wine. Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology. Vol. 38. No 6. P. 785–792.

Derevjanko, V. N. (2007). Results of hibernation of F1, F2, F3 hybrids between Diospyros kaki L. and D. virginiana L. in conditions of Southern Steppe of Ukraine in 2005–2006 years. Plant Introduction. No 3. P. 28–35. (in Ukrainian).

Derevjanko, V. N. (2013). Introduction and prospects for economic use of Caucasian persimmon (Diospyros lotus L.) in the South of Ukraine. Chornomorski Botanical Journal. Vol. 9. No 4. P. 584–594.

Derevyanko, N. V., Opalko, O. A., Derevyanko, V. M., & Opalko, A. I. (2018). The persimmon (Diospyros spp.) material breeding for winter hardiness. Journal of Native and Alien Plant Studies. Vol. 14. P. 28–45. DOI: 10.37555/.14.2018.173273. (in Ukrainian).

Deser, C., Lehner, F., Rodgers, K. B., Ault, T., Delworth, T. L., DiNezio, P. N., ... & Kay, J. E. (2020). Insights from Earth system model initial-condition large ensembles and future prospects. Nature Climate Change. Vol. 10. P. 277–286. DOI: 10.1038/s41558-020-0731-2.

Diospyros L. (2020). Family: Ebenaceae Gürke. Plants of the World online: Bringing Kew's science data online by 2020. URL: 326017-2.

Dzhigadlo, E. N., Sedov, E. N. & Ogol'tsova, T. P. (1999). Programma i metodika sortoiz-ucheniia plodovykh, iagodnykh i orekhoplodnykh kul'tur. Orel: Izd–vo VNIISPK. 606 s. (in Russian).

Giordani, E., Naval, M., & Benelli, C. (2013). In vitro propagation of persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.). Protocols for Micropropagation of Selected Economically-Important Horticultural Plants [Eds.: Maurizio Lambardi, Elif Aylin Ozudogru & Shri Mohan Jain]. Totowa: Humana Press. Ch. 7. P. 89–98.

Grigorieva, O. & Klymenko, S. (2008). Reproductive ability of Caucasian persimmon, (Diospyros lotus L.) in Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Subtropical and ornamental horticulture. Vol. 41. P. 381–387. (in Russian).

Grygorieva, O., Klymenko, S., Vergun, O., Hudz, N., Nikolaieva, N., Schubertová, Z., ... & Brindza, J. (2017). Morphological characteristics and determination of volatile organic compounds of Diospyros virginiana L. genotypes fruits. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences. Vol. 11. No 1. P. 612–622. DOI: 10.5219/808.

Gubanova, T. B. & Shishkina E. L. (2013). Methodic aspects of frost- and winter resistance evaluation of Persimmon species and varieties. Plant Introduction. No 1. P. 3–9. (in Russian).

Khokhlov, S., & Plugatar, Y. (2016). Chemical composition of persimmon cultivars grown in Crimea. Acta Horticulturae Vol. 1139. P. 677–682. DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2016.1139.116.

Kondratenko, P. V., Shevchuk, L. M., & Levchuk, L. M. (2008). Metodyka otsinky iakosti plodovo-iahidnoi produktsii. Kyiv: SPD «Zhytieliev SI. 79 p. (in Ukrainian).

Kulbida, M. I., Ielistratova, L. O. & Barabash, M. B. (2013). Current climate conditions in Ukraine. Protection and Ecological Security: A Collection of Scientific Papers. Kharkiv: Rider. Vol. 35. P. 118–130. (in Ukrainian).

Li, C., Leverence, R., Trombley, J. D., Xu, S., Yang, J., Tian, Y., ... & Hagerman, A. E. (2010). High molecular weight persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) proanthocyanidin: a highly galloylated, A-linked tannin with an unusual flavonol terminal unit, myricetin. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Vol. 58. No 16. P. 9033–9042.

Mezhenskyj, V. M. (2017). On streamlining the Ukrainian names of plants. Information 8. Fruit crops names. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection Vol. 13. No 1. P. 75–84. DOI: 10.214 98/2518-1017.13.1.2017.97324. (in Ukrainian).

Mezhenskyj, V., Mezhenska, L. & Yakubenko, B. (2014). Persimmon. Rare Small Fruit Crops: recommendations on breeding and propagation. Kyiv: СР «Comprint». P. 39–42. (in Ukrainian).

Nakatsubo, F., Enokita, K., Murakami, K., Yonemori, K., Sugiura, A., Utsunomiya, N., & Subhadrabandhu, S. (2002). Chemical structures of the condensed tannins in the fruits of Diospyros species. Journal of Wood Science. Vol. 48. No 5. P. 414–418.

Plaksina, T. V. & Pishcheva, G. N. (2014). Biotechnology in breeding, propagation and conservation of plants. Bulletin of the Botanical Garden Institute FEB RAS. Vol. 12. P. 22–30 (in Russian).

Sentandreu, E., Cerdán‐Calero, M., Halket, J. M., & Navarro, J. L. (2015). Rapid screening of low‐molecular‐weight phenols from persimmon (Diospyros kaki) pulp using liquid chromato-graphy/UV–visible/electrospray mass spectrometry analysis. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. Vol. 95. No 8. P. 1648–1654.

State register of plant varieties, suitable for dissemination in Ukraine in 2020. (2020). Kyiv. 467 p. URL: (Accessed 14 May 2020). (in Ukrainian).

Sugiura, A., Ohkuma, T., Choi, Y. A., Tao, R., & Tamura, M. (2000). Production of nonaploid (2n=9x) Japanese persimmons (Diospyros kaki) by pollination with unreduced (2n=6x) pollen and embryo rescue culture. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science. Vol. 125. No 5. P. 609–614. DOI: 10.21273/JASHS.125.5.609.

Yeshchenko, V. O., Kopytko, P. H., Kostohryz, P. V., & Opryshko, V. P. (2014). Osnovy naukovykh doslidzhen v ahronomii: Pidruchnyk. Vinnytsia: PP «TD «Edelveis i K»». 332 s. (in Ukrainian).

Yesiloglu, T., Cimen, B., Incesu, M., & Yilmaz, B. (2018). Genetic diversity and breeding of persimmon. Breeding and Health Benefits of Fruit and Nut Crops. Ch. 2. P. 21–46. DOI: 10.5772/ intechopen.74977.

Yonemori, K., Sugiura, A., & Yamada, M. (2000). Persimmon genetics and breeding. Plant breeding reviews, 19. Ch. 6. P. 191–225. DOI: 10.1002/9780470650172.ch6.

Zdruykovskaia-Rikhter, A. I. (1981). Kul'tura in vitro zarodyshey khurmy ot mezhvidovoy gibridizatsii. Biulleten' Glavnogo botanicheskogo sada. Vol. 121. P. 84–86. (in Russian).


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.