Karyotype and plasmotype characteristics in wheat-rye hybrids with the different structural organization of the nuclear genome
Keywords:пшенично-житні гібриди, хромосомно-заміщені лінії, каріотип, плазмотіп, С-бендінг, ДНК-маркери
Aim. Genome structure analysis and plasmotype identification in wheat-rye hybrids of various types (triti- cale, secalotriticum) and ploidy level. Mcth0ds. Cytological and molecular-genetic analysis. Rcsults. The karyotype and plasmotype analysis was carried out in 11 stable lines of secondary recombinant hexaploid triticale with the introgression of D-genome chromosomes of the wheat (A/B/DRR, 2n = 6x = 42), 14 stable and highly productive secalotriticum lines of F6–16 generations (Secalotriticum, S/RRAABB, 2n = 6x = 42), 9 stable lines of tetraploid triticale (A/BRR, 2n = 4x = 28). By means of differential chromosome staining, the chromosomal composition of the experimental material was characterized and the intergenomic substitution and translocation of chromosomes were detected. The PCR-RFLP analysis of the 18S/5S mitochondrial (mt) repeat and the ndhH-region of chloroplast DNA showed that these organ- elle DNA regions are in the homoplasmic state and belong to rye-type cytoplasm in secalotriticum lines and wheat-type cytoplasm in tetraploid and secondary recombinant hexaploid triticale lines. C0nclusi0ns. Cytological and molecular genetic analysis revealed significant genetic diversity of the created gene pool of wheat-rye hybrids by nuclear-cytoplasmic structure. The synthesized linear material of wheat-rye hybrids may be used in cytogenetic research and practical breeding.
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