Diversity of fruits in Cucurbitaceae in Northern India
Keywords:pepo, watermelon, muskmelon, ash gourd, bitter gourds, snake gourd, pumpkin.
Aim. The study of the morphological diversity of fruits in some members of the family Cucurbitaceae from Northern States of India was aim of these researches. Methods. Plant specimen and their germplasm were collected from various states of Northern India. Herbarium specimens were prepared by standard procedure. The studies were performed using the checklists of the Cucurbitaceae of India published by C. Jeffrey (1980, 1982), H. L. Chakravarty (1982) and S. S. Renner & A. K. Pandey (2013). Results. In India, a number of major and minor cucurbits are cultivated in several commercial cropping systems and also as popular kitchen garden crops. Cucurbits share about 5.6 % of the total vegetable production of India. Conclusions. The fruits of studied cucurbits (family—Cucurbitaceae) from Northern States of India exhibit great deal of diversity in shape, size, colour of the rind and flesh as well as many consumption ways for both food and medicinal purposes.
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