Nomenclature of Chaenomeles Lindl. (Rosaceae) in the Ukrainian botanical terminology system: from John Lindley to Claude Weber
Keywords:John Lindley, Claude Weber, plant taxonomy, terminology, Chaenomeles, Japanese Quinces.
Aims. The goal was to cover the history of the establishment and description of the genus Chaenomeles and consider the formation of Ukrainian names of taxa associated with the genus. Methods. Analysis of literature sources. Results. The genus Chaenomeles was established by English botanist John Lindley in 1822. Swiss botanist Claude Weber, who was born in 1922 in France, during her work in the United States monographically processed the genus Chaenomeles, unraveled the history of the introduction of three natural species of East Asian origin and identified four hybrid groups providing them with scientific diagnoses. Conclusions. The generic name Chaenomeles in Ukrainian is more expedient to render as Japanese quince. In horticulture, the name crop coincides with the name of genus in Ukrainian. Species epithets must correspond to the Latin original, be unified and unambiguous, with a deviation from the literal translation to prevent tautonymy. The Chaenomeles consists of natural species and hybrid groups: Ch. japonica, Ch. speciosa, Ch. cathayensis, Ch. ×superba, Ch. ×clarkiana, Ch. ×vilmoriniana, and Ch. ×californica, and probably Ch. sinensis, and Ch. thibetica.
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